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The Brain that Serves Our Community

How do our brains do what they do? The function of the pons in the brain.


Ⓒ Image by Unsplash

What are pons and how do they function in the brain?

The pons is a part of the brainstem. It is in the top part of the hindbrain. The central nervous system, it does a lot of important things. Here's a quick look at the pons and the function of the pons in the brain:

  • Rules of The feeling of and Consciousness: The pons helps control how awake and aware you are. It has nuclei that change the activity of the reticular formation, which is a network of neurons that controls how awake you are, how focused you are, and when you sleep and wake up.

  • Transmit Centre: The pons is like a hub that connects the cerebrum, cerebellum, and spinal cord to other parts of the brain. It has a lot of nerve fibre pathways that help different parts of the brain and spinal cord talk to each other and send signals.

  • Pathways for Sensory and Motor Information: The pons is a way for both sensory and motor information to get to the brain. It has sensory nuclei that take information from different sensory systems and send it to higher brain regions to be processed further. Motor pathways start in the cerebral cortex and go through the pons to reach the spinal cord. This lets you control your movements on your own.

  • Control and Coordination: The pons helps you stay balanced and makes sure your movements are coordinated. It has nuclei that connect to the cerebellum, which is in charge of controlling and coordinating movement. The pons and cerebellum work together to make sure that the body moves smoothly and in sync.

  • Cosmetic Nerve Nuclei: The facial nerve (cranial nerve VII) has an important nerve centre in the pons. The facial nerve nucleus in the pons helps control facial muscles, makes facial expressions possible, and sends information about what the face feels like.

  • Control of Sleep and Breathing: The pons is a very important part of controlling sleep and breathing. It has nuclei that help control the cycle of sleep and wakefulness, coordinate rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and keep breathing patterns normal. The pons helps control the transition between different stages of sleep and help control breathing as a whole.

The pons works with other parts and structures of the brain to do what it does. Its connection to the rest of the central nervous system is important for the body's processes and behaviours to work right.

The human brain is a very complicated organ that is in charge of processing information, controlling how the body works, and allowing different kinds of thinking. Even though we keep learning more about the brain, there is still a lot we don't know about how it works. But I can give you a general idea of a few key points:

  • Structure of the Brain: The brain is made up of different parts that each do a certain job. The cerebral cortex controls higher cognitive functions like seeing, speaking, and solving problems. The limbic system helps us feel and remember things. The brainstem controls things like breathing and the rate of the heart.

  • Waves in the brain: Techniques like electroencephalography (EEG) can be used to measure the electrical activity of the brain. Different mental states and activities are linked to different patterns of brain waves, which can be described by their frequency and strength.

  • Neurons: Neurons are specialised cells that make up the main parts of the brain. Neurons use electrical and chemical signals to send and process information. They all talk to each other through connections called synapses.

  • Neurotransmitters: Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that send signals from one neuron to another at the synapses. The presynaptic neuron sends out neurotransmitters, which bind to receptors on the postsynaptic neuron and either speed up or slow down its activity.

  • Communication: Neurons talk to each other by sending and receiving electrical impulses. When a neuron gets a message, it starts a chemical process called an action potential. This electrical signal moves along the axon of the neuron and is sent to other neurons through the synapses.

  • Plasticity: The brain is plastic, which means it can change and adapt in response to experiences and the outside world. Plasticity makes it possible to learn, remember, and recover from brain injuries.

  • Networks of neurons: When the brain processes information, groups of neurons that are connected to each other work together to process and send information. These networks help with a lot of different things, like sensing, controlling movement, and thinking at a higher level.

  • Knowledge and Specialisation: The left and right sides of the brain do different things. Each hemisphere is responsible for different things and has become more specialised over time. For example, the left hemisphere is usually better at processing language, while the right hemisphere is better at seeing space and being creative.

Development of Ideas

The process by which the brain comes up with ideas is complicated and has many parts. It involves different ways of thinking and working in the brain. Even though we are still learning about this process, here are some key things that help the brain come up with ideas:

  • Different ways of thinking: Differences in opinion or thinking is a way of thinking that involves coming up with a lot of different ideas in response to a problem or a stimulus. This way of thinking means breaking away from normal or linear thinking and looking at different options, points of view, and solutions.

  • Relationship Building and Compatibility: The brain is very good at putting information from different places together and making sense of it all. Ideas often come from putting together and making sense of what you already know, have done, seen, heard, and felt. The brain makes links between ideas that are similar, which lets it come up with new ideas.

  • Recognising Repeated Patterns: The brain is very good at finding patterns and making links between things that don't seem to go together. This skill helps the brain find similarities, analogies, and metaphors, which can lead to new ideas.

  • Concentration and working memory: Working memory is used to hold and change information in the short term. It also helps people come up with new ideas. It makes it possible to combine different pieces of information and makes it easier to make new links. Attention is also a key part of coming up with new ideas because it helps you focus on what's important and ignore what's not.

  • Imagination and creative thinking: Creativity and imagination are very important when it comes to coming up with new ideas. These mental processes involve coming up with new and original ideas, often by combining what you already know in new ways. The brain's ability to think outside of what it already knows and see possibilities helps it come up with creative ideas.

  • Activation of Neural Networks: When you have an idea, your brain turns on certain neural networks. These networks are made up of neurons that are linked to each other and work together to process and combine information. When different parts of the brain talk to each other and work together, it can lead to new ideas.

The brain is where our thoughts, feelings, and actions come from

Thoughts, feelings, and actions all start in the brain because of how neural networks, chemical messengers, and brain structures work together. Here's a closer look at how all of these things fit together:

  • Thoughts: Thoughts come from the brain's cognitive processes, such as seeing, remembering, paying attention, and thinking. When we see an object or hear a sound, for example, the information is processed in a special part of the brain called the visual cortex or the auditory cortex. The brain's neural networks talk to each other using electrical and chemical signals to form patterns of activity that represent our thoughts and mental images.

  • Feelings: Emotions and moods are closely connected to how the brain works. When you have an emotional experience, parts of your brain like the amygdala light up. The amygdala helps process and create emotions. The limbic system of the brain, which is made up of parts like the amygdala and hippocampus, helps control emotions and store emotional memories. Neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine also have an effect on how we feel.

  • Actions: The brain's control over motor functions and decision-making is what drives behaviour. The frontal lobe of the brain is home to the motor cortex, which is in charge of coordinating voluntary movements. When we make decisions, parts of the brain that help with executive functions, like the prefrontal cortex, weigh our options, think about the results, and tell us what to do. The brain's reward system, which involves the release of neurotransmitters like dopamine, reinforces behaviours by giving a feeling of pleasure or satisfaction.

  • Problems and Dysfunctions: When the brain doesn't work right or works in a strange way, it can cause a number of mental and behavioural disorders. Depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, and addiction are all linked to problems in the brain's circuits, imbalances in neurotransmitters, or structural problems. Understanding how these problems start in the brain helps us come up with ways to treat and prevent them.


The modern workplace is one of the most interesting social places a person can be.

Here are some of the most important things that make the modern workplace so interesting:

  • Development and Learning Opportunities: The modern workplace offers many chances to keep learning and grow as a professional. Companies spend money on training programmes, workshops, conferences, and mentoring for their employees, which can help them learn new skills and grow as people.

  • Collaboration and Working Together: Collaboration and teamwork are important in many modern workplaces. Working with people who come from different places and have different skills can help you be more creative, come up with new ideas, and solve problems better. Getting to know people and sharing ideas with them can help you see things from different angles and give you new ideas.

  • Flexibility: Many industries and sectors work in environments that are fast-paced and dynamic. This means that employees need to be flexible, able to adapt quickly to changes, and able to think on their feet. This can help improve problem-solving skills, creativity, and the ability to make decisions.

  • Creative thinking: In today's competitive business world, organisations often encourage and value innovation and creativity. The search for new ideas, products, and ways of doing things can give people interesting challenges and chances to think creatively.

  • Innovative progress: Technology is a big part of the modern workplace because it gives us tools and platforms that make us more productive, better at communicating, and more efficient. People can grow intellectually when they are constantly exposed to new technologies and are forced to adapt and learn new skills.

  • Independence and Entrepreneurship: Some modern workplaces give people more freedom and flexibility, which lets them own their projects and ideas. This freedom can help people be more creative, independent, and entrepreneurial. It can also help people think outside the box and look for new ways to solve problems.

  • Globalisation: Globalisation has made workplaces more diverse and multicultural. Interacting with coworkers from different cultures and backgrounds can help people learn more about other cultures and spark their intellectual curiosity by exposing them to new ideas, practises, and ways of doing things.

  • Solutions to Problems: Many jobs include complex problem-solving tasks that require analytical thinking, critical reasoning, and creativity. Problems that are hard to solve can be intellectually stimulating and rewarding.

Also, READ | Who would you become

The Brain that Does Good Work and Serves Our Community

The brain is very important to our community because it affects our thoughts, actions, and interactions with other people.

  • Making Moral and Ethical Decisions: Our behaviour in the community is guided by the moral reasoning and ethical decision-making processes in our brains. Some parts of the brain, like the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate cortex, help us make moral decisions and figure out what the results of our actions will be. These things help us understand social norms, make moral decisions, and do good things for the community.

  • Emotional Regulation: The brain is a key part of keeping emotions in check, which is important for healthy interactions with others. Structures in the brain like the amygdala, prefrontal cortex, and hippocampus help process and control emotions. By keeping emotions under control, the brain helps people keep good relationships, solve problems, and create a peaceful community.

  • Social intelligence: It is the ability of the brain to understand and figure out what other people are thinking, feeling, and planning. Empathy, understanding how other people think, and seeing things from their point of view all involve parts of the brain like the prefrontal cortex and mirror neurons. These skills make it easier for people in the community to talk to each other, work together, and make friends.

  • Interacting and Language: The brain makes it possible to understand language and talk to other people, which are both important for being a part of a community. Language is made and understood by parts of the brain like Broca's area and Wernicke's area. Through verbal and nonverbal communication, the brain helps us share ideas, show how we feel, pass on information, and make friends.

  • Leadership and Making Choices: Planning, making decisions, and setting goals are all executive functions of the brain that are important for community leadership. These things happen in parts of the brain like the prefrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate cortex. Effective community leaders use these mental skills to guide and inspire others, make decisions based on facts, and help the community as a whole.

  • Social Understanding and Unity: Because the brain can learn and change, we can understand and value the different cultures in our community. Exposure to different cultures makes the brain more flexible and helps us see things from a wider perspective. This makes it easier to be tolerant, include everyone, and celebrate different ideas and identities.

Everyone's brains work together to make a community work as a whole. By understanding how social behaviour is controlled by the brain, we can work to make communities that are welcoming, and supportive, and put the health and happiness of all their members first.

Also, READ | What can't be understood without trying?


By exercising specific regions of the brain, one can improve the functioning of those regions.

It is a well-known fact that many business owners have found this to be an intriguing and even lucrative idea. However, it is not possible to zero in on a particular part of the brain and restricts instruction to just that area of the brain.

There are a lot of connections in the brain. Neurons in the brain are in charge of learning, remembering, and forgetting, but they don't do all of these things on their own. The ability has to be broken down into its parts before it can be taught, and each part can be learned on its own.

Also, READ | Do What You Relish

Getting to the Bottom Line

This is a simplified look at the brain, and that our knowledge of it is still growing. Researchers are still looking into how it works, and as neuroscience improves, they are slowly figuring out how this amazing organ works. Even though the brain is at the centre of where thoughts, feelings, and behaviours come from, it also interacts with and is affected by things like the social environment, culture, and personal experiences. The way the brain works is very complicated and connected, and researchers are still trying to figure out how neural processes and our mental and behavioural experiences are linked.

How ideas form in the brain depends on many things, such as the person's experiences, knowledge, cultural background, and environment. The brain's complexity and ability to change make it good at coming up with new ideas. This lets our thoughts and creativity change and grow over time.

Working in the modern world can be stimulating, but it can also be stressful and demanding. To keep a healthy and productive work-life balance, it's important to find a balance between stimulation and well-being.


How to Supercharge Your Brain Health (Minisode #26)

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